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Safety


Safety

A port's navigational safety policy underpins the Harbour Master's responsibility for the safety of navigation. The navigational safety policy, which should be approved by the highest level of management within a port, usually a board of directors, is a publicly available document which states what the board holds itself responsible for in respect of the safety of navigation within its area of jurisdiction.

The reputation of a port is dependent on its safety record and efficiency. Any damage to a port’s safety record may impact on its reputation and by extension, its trade.

The Harbour Master plays a key role in the development and implementation of a safety management system which manages the hazards and risks associated with port operations along with any preparations for emergencies. This should be operated effectively and revised periodically.

Some countries provide guidance to their ports on port safety. An example of this is the UK’s Port Marine Safety Code and its accompanying Good Practice Guide can be found here.

Port Safety

Safety Management and Risk Assessment

To achieve a safe port, a Harbour Master must identify the hazards which present in the port and then assess the risks associated with those hazards. The risks must then be managed down to an acceptable level usually identified as the ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) principle. This is the underlying principle of risk assessment – a practice that will not only lead to a safer port but may also help to reduce insurance premiums, a commercial benefit to the port company. Thorough risk assessments can be used not only in the formulation of better operating procedures but also in the formulation of effective emergency plans.

Port By-laws

Navigational safety and care for the environment are governed by numerous international, national and local laws and regulations. Harbour Masters have to not only obey local by-laws but also enforce them. They may also be authorised to draft by-laws for their own ports. Port by-laws and admission policies set the conditions under which vessels may enter and leave the port and where they berth.

Rotterdam Port by-laws: https://www.portofrotterdam.com/en/files/rotterdam-port-management-bye-laws

Admission to Port

Harbour Masters rely on reliable and accurate information to inform decision-making concerning the entry and departure of commercial shipping. The geographical configurations of the port, prevailing weather conditions, port water depths, and the height and strength of the local tides are some of the factors that a Harbour Master considers. This information and other factors will inform a port's navigational safety policy and at operational level affect the decisions concerning the arrival and departure of shipping. Harbour masters specify their entry requirements in great detail. These include safest approaches to a port, pilot boarding ground and details of advance notifications to be given to the port prior to arrival.  

The arrival of a commercial vessel into a port is always a planned event. Notification of the vessel’s arrival sometimes begins weeks before the actual arrival. The vessel normally gives 72-48-24 hour notices to all the parties concerned and corrects the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) with every notice so as to be as close to their declared ETA as possible when arriving at a pilot station.

Pilot boarding and communication between the ship, pilot and port authority shipping control office or VTS are critical to the safe arrival of a ship as it proceeds to its intended berth.

Various agencies including the vessel’s designated Agents, the Harbour Master or his representative, the Pilot company, towage company and the stevedores working the vessel are involved with the arrival of a commercial ship into a port.

Points of notification are predesignated positions set by the Harbour Master when the vessel calls Marine Control on a pre-agreed VHF Channel and informs them of the vessel’s actual position. This information warns other vessels in the area of the incoming vessel’s progress and allows the Marine Controller or VTS to alert ancillary services, such as tugs and lines-boats.

Pilotage

The task of the pilot is to advise the ship’s master on passage through the port and its approaches. The pilot brings knowledge of the local maritime conditions and operational practices that have been gained through extensive experience of navigating ships in the restricted waters of the port and its approaches. Use of a pilot is compulsory in many territorial waters.

In most Member States legislation provides the possibility of some form of exemption from pilotage, either in the form of exemptions in the regulations for compulsory pilotage or by issuing Pilotage Exemption Certificates (PEC).

Tugs and Towage

Many ports deal with big ships in confined or restricted areas and in many cases the risk of contact (allision) with port infrastructure and the risk of grounding is managed by the use of tugs. The use of tugs may be compulsory in some ports for some ships and this is one of the decisions the Harbour Master will make when considering safety of navigation. The Harbour Master may also monitor the competence and qualifications of tug personnel and the performance of tug operations.

High-speed craft

High speed craft in port waters may pose potential risks to safe navigation, channel / bank erosion and danger to persons working under or around wharf structures. It may be necessary to manage the speed of high-speed craft in areas of risk. Engagement with high-speed craft associations will ensure that key risk areas are identified and managed appropriately. Use of AIS on commercial high-speed craft will allow monitoring by VTS / Port control.

Mooring Operations

Safe and efficient mooring processes are vital for ports and terminals. A ship breaking loose from its moorings is a hazard to other vessels and to port infrastructure. A drifting vessel may cause serious damage to cranes, cargo manifolds and fenders and injuries to staff ashore and afloat.

Appropriately trained shore-based berthing crews will work with ship crews to bring ropes or wires from the ship ashore and put them on the shore bollards by hand or with the use of winch trucks. This is a specialised activity involving significant safety issues.

IMO FAL.6/CIRC.11/Rev.1 GUIDELINES ON MINIMUM TRAINING AND EDUCATION FOR MOORING PERSONNEL

Lashing

Cargo needs to be lashed safely and effectively.  Lashing gangs may be dockworkers or authorised crew members (for instance on short sea RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) ferries). Deck cargo, containers and RoRo trailers on the weather deck are vulnerable because they can be hit by waves in bad weather and need special attention. For example, steel coils and other heavy cargo can shift during rolling and pitching when not properly stowed and lashed. When a ship arrives with a list due to shifted cargo, the harbour master is informed and will send a nautical expert on board to ensure that the ship will enter the port safely before providing a berth.

Latest News & Events

It was reported on 19 September that ABB will install the Port of Incheon’s first shore-to-ship power facility, enabling passenger vessels to cut emissions, noise and vibrations at the berth

ABB has secured the contract covering the Republic of Korea’s commitment to sustainable shore-to-ship power, after a pilot scheme for passenger ships to plug into the local grid received approval from Incheon Port Authority (IPA). (Our attached illustration is reproduced by kind permission of the Port of Incheon ©)

Juha Koskela, Managing Director, ABB Marine & Ports commented: ‘As the first agreement covering shore-to-ship power in South Korea, this is a truly significant breakthrough for ABB. We are honoured to be selected by IPA to support their efforts in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships, as well as moving towards increasingly sustainable port operations.’

In addition to a new $160 million ferry terminal opened in April 2019,  the Port of Incheon inaugurated South Korea’s largest cruise terminal in June this year. Given its metropolitan location and IPA’s ambitions to develop its ‘Golden Harbor’ vision for Incheon as a new tourism hub for the Northeast Asia, environmental credentials rank highly in port priorities, it is reported.

At the start of this year’s London International Shipping Week on 9 September Nusrat Ghani, Maritime Minister, on behalf of the UK Government, confirmed that it will enable construction of a new advanced ship for the General Lighthouse Authority, Trinity House, to replace the ageing THV Patricia (illustrated, © Trinity House), built in 1982 by Henry Robb of Leith.

The new vessel, yet to be named, will provide and service aids to navigation in some of the most dangerous waters, marking channels and hazards and taking advantage of the latest technology.

Of this provision Maritime Minister Nusrat Ghani, said: ‘Our maritime sector is crucial to UK trade with 95% of our imports and exports transported by sea. With our waters becoming busier all the time, dealing with incidents quickly and efficiently is more important than ever. This new ship will support the General Lighthouse Authority to help future-proof their fleet and continue to support maritime safety and trade for generations to come.’

Role of Harbour Master/ Port Operations Professional
Security
Port Call Optimisation
Ship image
Vessel Traffic Services
Safety
dock image
Emergency Management
Environment

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Latest Events

Mary Ward House Conference & Exhibition Centre, London

IHMA is pleased to announce that Alex Mc Intosh, Marine Manager, Aberdeen Harbour Board, will represent the Association at the Women in Shipping Summit, 10-11 September 2019, London. Furthermore, there is a 20% discount available for IHMA members attending the Summit.
The following information is provided by the conference organiser:

Winds of change within the maritime industry have seen the women's movement improve shipping. The wave of equality may not be perfect, but through embracing the talent and value of women, the industry has become more innovative and more open to change. But understanding the challenges women face and acknowledging the value they can provide is only the start. Focused on topics from empowerment to action, the Women in Shipping Summit t is built around the unique challenges women face, acknowledging the value they provide and taking your next steps. Shaping thoughts, empowering leadership, and helping to progress your career.

The summit will feature a line-up of some of the most impressive names in shipping, both men and women who will tell the story of their journey through the industry to inspire and empower your personal career development plans. Speaker line-up includes:

  • Jaz O’Hara, Founder, The Worldwide Tribe
  • Magda Kopczynska, Director for Innovative and Sustainable Mobility, European Commission Directorate General for Mobility and Transport
  • Sue Probert, Chair, UN/CEFACT
  • Helen Buni, Principal Programme Assistant, Technical Cooperation Division, IMO
  • Katharina Stanzel, Managing Director, INTERTANKO
  • Karin Orsel, CEO/Co-Chair, MF Shipping Group/Dutch Ship Owners Association
  • Karin Orsel, CEO/Co-Chair, MF Shipping Group/Dutch Ship Owners Association

VIEW FULL SPEAKER LINE-UP

Key themes include:

  • Challenging unconscious bias in day-to-day interactions: Are we glorifying aggressiveness?
  • Maternity, return to work and working arrangements
  • Finding your executive voice
  • What women bring to the table: fight-or-flight vs tend-and-befriend
  • Addressing women's health - advancements and resources
  • Why men [should] promote women in shipping
  • Attracting talent: Analysing our call to arms
  • Digital transformation in shipping and opportunities for diversity
  • Beyond gender – addressing the wider diversity challenge in shipping

VIEW AGENDA

Save 20%

As we are supporters of the event, you're entitled to a 20% saving! In addition to our early bird discount, which is available until Friday 2nd August. To claim, use VIP code FKT3628IHMA during registration or follow links in this email.

BOOK NOW

Limited capacity

Please note this event will sell out, currently we have less than 50 places left. Make sure you secure your place early to avoid disappointment.

Novotel Clarke Quay, Singapore
smart ports summit asia

There is a 20% discount available for IHMA members attending the Smart Ports Summit Asia, 17 September 2019, Singapore.

The following information is provided by the conference organiser:

How should ports leverage opportunities for development to ensure effective and sustainable results?

Join the key industry stakeholders at the Novotel Clarke Quay in Singapore for the Smart Ports Summit Asia to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity and look at real-life examples of ports transforming from bottlenecks into the digital nexus of the supply chain.

IHMA members can save 20% on the standard rate by using an exclusive VIP code FKT3652IHMA at checkout online: http://bit.ly/SPSA-book.

What’s on the agenda?

The summit will showcase terminal operator and port authority strategy, and discuss how this is being shaped by evolving global patterns and shifting client demands. Find out what a successful digital strategy should look like, how this is led from the top, and how the business case for innovation is best made. To see the full agenda, please visit: http://bit.ly/SPSA-agenda.

The stellar speaker line-up will feature experts including: 

  • Michael Bergmann, President, Comité International Radio-Maritime
  • Mikael Lind, Research Manager, Sustainable Transports, RISE Victoria
  • Okan Duru, Assistant Professor, Programme Director, Nanyang Technological University Singapore
  • Marco Neelson, CEO, Port of Tanjung Pelepas

The up-to-date speaking faculty is available at http://bit.ly/SPSA-speakers.  

Pair the summit with the Shipping2030 Asia conference (18-19 September, Novotel Clarke Quay, Singapore) to meet 250 marine shipping professionals, and gain strategic knowledge and practical tools for long-term growth through wider blue economy and circularity, business model innovation, adding value, digital platforms, culture of innovation, increasing your competitiveness and resilience to change.

Those attending Shipping2030 Asia will have unlimited access to Global Liner Shipping Asia conference and its networking opportunities at no extra cost.

Registration options and package discounts:

1. Register by 19 July to claim £200 off your place in addition to the IHMA discount.   

2. Smart Ports Summit Asia is part of the Shipping Transformation Asia series – attend four events, taking place at the Novotel Clarke Quay over three days. For more information and to save 20% on your all-access pass, please go to: http://bit.ly/ShippingTransformation.  

3. To book only Smart Ports Summit and Shipping2030 Asia, please click here and use code FKT3652IHMA to save 20%.

4. Attend as a group to save 50% on the third and subsequent bookings. The standard rate is £799 + VAT (if applicable).

If you have questions about the event or registration process, please email maritime@knect365.com or call +44 (0) 20 7017 5511.

Bonhill House, London, UK
Ports & Terminals Insurance Seminar

You are invited to attend the Lloyd's Maritime Academy Ports & Terminals Insurance Seminar between 11-12 June, London.  

This two day seminar offers a complete guide to assessing what claims a port is liable for and how to handle risks and insurance. The agenda has been specifically written for ports and terminals operators. All of the attendees will be able to claim CPD points and will leave with a thorough understanding of the insurance market through expert presentations from underwriters, solicitors and legal counsel.

20% Discount

All IHMA members will receive an exclusive 20% discount. To claim your discount please quote FKT3572IHMA when booking, or follow the links in the email, and the discount will automatically be applied. 

The agenda has been specifically tailored for the challenges and insurance considerations which port and terminal operators are facing today. Through interactive formats, case studies and Q&A sessions, our experts will guide you through the market, insurance processes and how to asses new risks such as cyber security, environmental regulations and extreme weather affects on ports. 

Key areas which will be covered include:

  • Understanding the insurance market
  • Cyber Security - How big is the risk?
  • Interactive Sessions: port disruption, harbourmaster negligence and infrastructural damage
  • Answering the big questions: What is good insurance? What evidence is needed? Who are the 3rd parties and what can they hold operators liable for?
  • What is the best approach for insuring your port post 2020?
Book in one of three easy ways:

Register online | Email: maritime@KNect365.com | +44(0)20 7017 5511

Please use VIP code FKT3572IHMA when registering to benefit from your 30% discount

Attendees will be able to claim CPD points>>

Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel, Copenhagen
Shipping 2030

There is a 20% discount available for IHMA members attending the Shipping2030 Europe conference, 20-21 March, Copenhagen.
The following information is provided by the conference organiser:
Co-located with
Green Ship Technology, Shipping2030 Europe (20 – 21 March 2019, Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel, Copenhagen) will bring together 300+ global maritime professionals from across the industry to discuss all things digital and how to achieve excellence with the use of new technologies,processes and strategies.
More information about the event:
http://bit.ly/Shipping2030-IHMA.

As a member of IHMA, you can receive an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim the offer, use VIP code FKT3545IHMA at checkout:

http://bit.ly/BookShipping2030-IHMA.

Agenda highlights:

  • Gain the latest updates from the cutting-edge innovators in practical case studies on: Autonomous shipping, digital twinning, connectivity and satcom solutions, IoT, cybersecurity and performance monitoring.
  • Maximise your strategic planning with insight from expert panels discussing: Digitalisation ROI and financing, fostering a culture of innovation, supply chain optimisation, new workforce demands.

Download the full agenda: http://bit.ly/AgendaShipping2030-IHMA
Key speakers for 2019 include:

  • K D Adamson, Futurist & CEO, Futurenautics
  • Peter Schrøder, CDO, Maersk Tankers
  • Inge André Sandvik, CDO, Wilhelmsen Group
  • Deanna MacDonald, CEO & Co-Founder, BLOC
  • Aron Sørensen, Head of Maritime Technology & Regulation, BIMCO
  • Tommy Olofsen, Chief Commercial Officer & Deputy CEO, OSM Maritime Group
  • Annika Elfström, Head of Digital Transformation Lab, Stena AB
  • Christopher Rex, Head of Innovation, Danish Ship Finance
  • Leif Arne Strømmen, Vice President Innovation, G2 Ocean

View all the confirmed speakers: http://bit.ly/Shipping2030Speakers-IHMA.

New this year: Sustainable Ports Summit

(22 March 2019, Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel, Copenhagen)
Discuss how ports are rising to the challenge in terms of the infrastructure and services provided, the proactive measures many ports are taking to limit harmful emissions, while protecting the marine
environment from potentially harmful discharges and bioinvasions.

Key topics include: bunkering for a multi-fuel future, ship to shore power supply, and local response to air quality concerns.

Keynote speaker announced: Patrick Verhoeven, World Port Sustainability Program Coordinator & Managing Director, International Association of Ports and Harbours

See the full summit agenda and up-to-date speaker line-up: http://bit.ly/AgendaSPS-IHMA.

Additional discounts:

  1. Group bookings: the third and subsequently registered delegates save 50% on the standard rate.
  2. Shippers and shipowners can attend for free as VIP guests.

To apply for your complimentary pass, please visit http://bit.ly/Shipping2030VIP-IHMA.

Register today at http://bit.ly/BookShipping2030-IHMA or contact us for additional information or assistance with booking your tickets.

E.: maritime@knect365.com

T.: +44 (0) 20 7017 5511

Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London

We are delighted to invite you to the inaugural Smart Ports Summit, taking place from 19 to 20 February 2019 at the Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London. This two-day summit will bring together key stakeholders from the entire supply chain to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity, looking at all types of ports – from containers, tankers and dry cargo to passenger and crew facilities.
As a member of IHMA, you are entitled to an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim
your discount, use VIP code FKT3566IHMA at checkout.

Register here:
http://bit.ly/SmartPortsbook-IHMA

Learn more about the event: http://bit.ly/SmartPorts-IHMA

Highlights from the agenda:

  • The drivers behind change and the biggest challenges ahead to digitalise ports
  • How to determine business critical processes that require digital applications
  • Adopting AI and predictive analytics to improve information flow
  • Specific challenges around container terminals, passenger ship ports and tanker terminals
  • Working towards optimising the supply chain and potential integration strategies
  • The latest cyber security threats and how to mitigate these risks
  • What will the port of the future look like and how will it impact and benefit other stakeholders
  • And plenty more

Download the agenda: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsagenda-IHMA

Key speakers for 2019 include:

  • Anton Rhodes, Project Officer, IMO
  • Richard Ballantyne, Chief Executive, British Ports Association
  • Sven Daniels, Director IT, Hamburg Port Consulting
  • Johan Gahstrom, Senior Marine Manager, Intertanko
  • Yoss Leclerc, Port Operations, Quebec Port Authority
  • Monica Swanson, Business Manager Digital Development, Port of Rotterdam

Meet all the speakers: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsSpeakers-IHMA

Additional discounts:

  1. Port authorities and terminal operators: 50% off the standard rate (paying only £799 + VAT)
  2. Shippers and shipowners can attend for free as VIP guests. For more information, please email Ellen at ellen.minshull@knect365.com.
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The IHMA constitution sets out the establishment of a region of the IHMA, the committee role and authority, its formation and management.

Latest News & Events

Shore power at ROK Shore power at ROK Port of Incheon to reduce passenger vessel emissions

It was reported on 19 September that ABB will install the Port of Incheon’s first shore-to-ship power facility, enabling passenger vessels to cut… FIND OUT MORE

A new aids to navigation service vessel A new aids to navigation service vessel

At the start of this year’s London International Shipping Week on 9 September Nusrat Ghani, Maritime Minister, on behalf of the UK Government,… FIND OUT MORE

Latest News & Events

It was reported on 19 September that ABB will install the Port of Incheon’s first shore-to-ship power facility, enabling passenger vessels to cut emissions, noise and vibrations at the berth

ABB has secured the contract covering the Republic of Korea’s commitment to sustainable shore-to-ship power, after a pilot scheme for passenger ships to plug into the local grid received approval from Incheon Port Authority (IPA). (Our attached illustration is reproduced by kind permission of the Port of Incheon ©)

Juha Koskela, Managing Director, ABB Marine & Ports commented: ‘As the first agreement covering shore-to-ship power in South Korea, this is a truly significant breakthrough for ABB. We are honoured to be selected by IPA to support their efforts in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships, as well as moving towards increasingly sustainable port operations.’

In addition to a new $160 million ferry terminal opened in April 2019,  the Port of Incheon inaugurated South Korea’s largest cruise terminal in June this year. Given its metropolitan location and IPA’s ambitions to develop its ‘Golden Harbor’ vision for Incheon as a new tourism hub for the Northeast Asia, environmental credentials rank highly in port priorities, it is reported.

At the start of this year’s London International Shipping Week on 9 September Nusrat Ghani, Maritime Minister, on behalf of the UK Government, confirmed that it will enable construction of a new advanced ship for the General Lighthouse Authority, Trinity House, to replace the ageing THV Patricia (illustrated, © Trinity House), built in 1982 by Henry Robb of Leith.

The new vessel, yet to be named, will provide and service aids to navigation in some of the most dangerous waters, marking channels and hazards and taking advantage of the latest technology.

Of this provision Maritime Minister Nusrat Ghani, said: ‘Our maritime sector is crucial to UK trade with 95% of our imports and exports transported by sea. With our waters becoming busier all the time, dealing with incidents quickly and efficiently is more important than ever. This new ship will support the General Lighthouse Authority to help future-proof their fleet and continue to support maritime safety and trade for generations to come.’