Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
This summer new shipping routes were established in Skagerrak and Kattegat to create more predictable traffic patterns and separate oncoming ship traffic better. First analysis indicates that the routeing systems work as intended. This was explained in a Danish Maritime Administration (DMA) communiqué of 12 September.
At the DMA it continuously uses digital tools to support its work. In connection with the new shipping routes, the DMA employs AIS data to assess whether a change has the intended effect.
On some sections of the new shipping routes, traffic separation schemes were introduced in order to simplify navigation and help prevent ship collisions. One example is the traffic separation scheme around Skagen.
The picture below shows how the ships sailed around Skagen during the first week with the new routes (1 July to 8 July). They clearly illustrate the change that immediately occurs in ships’ sailing patterns when routes change. Distance between oncoming traffic has increased and sailing patterns are more predictable, it was reported.
In addition to the new traffic separation schemes, two new deep-water routes for deep-draught tankers have been established as well as a new route (Route S) along the Swedish coast, which will help relieve the heavy traffic of Route T.
See here for an introductory paper on the new routes issued earlier this year by the DMA:
The new shipping routes in Skagerrak and Kattegat have been developed in a collaboration between the Danish Maritime Authority, the Danish Geodata Agency (https://eng.gst.dk/), the Swedish Transport Agency (https://www.transportstyrelsen.se/en/shipping/) and the Swedish Maritime Administration (https://www.government.se/government-agencies/swedish-maritime-administration/).
1. After the implementation of traffic separation scheme (1 July – 8 July, without fishing vessels)
Illustration DMA © .
Unlike an emergency situation on land, when a ship faces a crisis at sea, Masters cannot simply dial the emergency services for instant assistance. They take responsibility for dealing with the situation, acting decisively to protect lives and prevent or minimise damage to the ship, environment and cargo.
The International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) and the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) have worked in partnership to provide the industry with a practical guide
Peril at Sea and Salvage: A Guide for Masters outlines the actions a Master should take when confronted with an emergency: from the initial assessment and immediate actions, through to towage or salvage arrangements, as may be necessary. It also explains the importance of prompt notification to relevant parties with onshore support, particularly coastal States and the company.
A section is included with recommendations for a company’s shore-based personnel.
Guy Platten, Secretary General of the International Chamber of Shipping commented: ‘Over the years we have seen a reduction in shipping emergencies and major incidents due to the development of regulations governing the safe operation and management of ships. Crews are regularly trained in emergency response preparedness and the industry has adopted a compliance culture.
According to a media briefing from IMO the key project to support the reduction of GHG emissions from shipping in developing countries through regional maritime technology cooperation centres has been extended to June 2021.
Known as the Global MTCC Network (GMN) Project this implemented by IMO and funded by the European Union.
There is a global network of Maritime Technology Cooperation Centres (MTCCs). These undertake pilot projects and promote technologies and operations to improve energy efficiency in the maritime sector, it is reported.
Since their establishment three years ago, the MTCCs in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Pacific have established strong regional networks and are becoming important regional players, with technical expertise in the field of maritime energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions knowledge.
These Centres have undertaken a range of pilot projects, completed port energy audits and established branch offices in three countries. IMO report that more than 50 capacity building activities have brought together a total 2,400 delegates from various parts of the maritime sector.