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Safety


Safety

A port's navigational safety policy underpins the Harbour Master's responsibility for the safety of navigation. The navigational safety policy, which should be approved by the highest level of management within a port, usually a board of directors, is a publicly available document which states what the board holds itself responsible for in respect of the safety of navigation within its area of jurisdiction.

The reputation of a port is dependent on its safety record and efficiency. Any damage to a port’s safety record may impact on its reputation and by extension, its trade.

The Harbour Master plays a key role in the development and implementation of a safety management system which manages the hazards and risks associated with port operations along with any preparations for emergencies. This should be operated effectively and revised periodically.

Some countries provide guidance to their ports on port safety. An example of this is the UK’s Port Marine Safety Code and its accompanying Good Practice Guide can be found here.

Port Safety

Safety Management and Risk Assessment

To achieve a safe port, a Harbour Master must identify the hazards which present in the port and then assess the risks associated with those hazards. The risks must then be managed down to an acceptable level usually identified as the ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) principle. This is the underlying principle of risk assessment – a practice that will not only lead to a safer port but may also help to reduce insurance premiums, a commercial benefit to the port company. Thorough risk assessments can be used not only in the formulation of better operating procedures but also in the formulation of effective emergency plans.

Port By-laws

Navigational safety and care for the environment are governed by numerous international, national and local laws and regulations. Harbour Masters have to not only obey local by-laws but also enforce them. They may also be authorised to draft by-laws for their own ports. Port by-laws and admission policies set the conditions under which vessels may enter and leave the port and where they berth.

Rotterdam Port by-laws: https://www.portofrotterdam.com/en/files/rotterdam-port-management-bye-laws

Admission to Port

Harbour Masters rely on reliable and accurate information to inform decision-making concerning the entry and departure of commercial shipping. The geographical configurations of the port, prevailing weather conditions, port water depths, and the height and strength of the local tides are some of the factors that a Harbour Master considers. This information and other factors will inform a port's navigational safety policy and at operational level affect the decisions concerning the arrival and departure of shipping. Harbour masters specify their entry requirements in great detail. These include safest approaches to a port, pilot boarding ground and details of advance notifications to be given to the port prior to arrival.  

The arrival of a commercial vessel into a port is always a planned event. Notification of the vessel’s arrival sometimes begins weeks before the actual arrival. The vessel normally gives 72-48-24 hour notices to all the parties concerned and corrects the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) with every notice so as to be as close to their declared ETA as possible when arriving at a pilot station.

Pilot boarding and communication between the ship, pilot and port authority shipping control office or VTS are critical to the safe arrival of a ship as it proceeds to its intended berth.

Various agencies including the vessel’s designated Agents, the Harbour Master or his representative, the Pilot company, towage company and the stevedores working the vessel are involved with the arrival of a commercial ship into a port.

Points of notification are predesignated positions set by the Harbour Master when the vessel calls Marine Control on a pre-agreed VHF Channel and informs them of the vessel’s actual position. This information warns other vessels in the area of the incoming vessel’s progress and allows the Marine Controller or VTS to alert ancillary services, such as tugs and lines-boats.

Pilotage

The task of the pilot is to advise the ship’s master on passage through the port and its approaches. The pilot brings knowledge of the local maritime conditions and operational practices that have been gained through extensive experience of navigating ships in the restricted waters of the port and its approaches. Use of a pilot is compulsory in many territorial waters.

In most Member States legislation provides the possibility of some form of exemption from pilotage, either in the form of exemptions in the regulations for compulsory pilotage or by issuing Pilotage Exemption Certificates (PEC).

Tugs and Towage

Many ports deal with big ships in confined or restricted areas and in many cases the risk of contact (allision) with port infrastructure and the risk of grounding is managed by the use of tugs. The use of tugs may be compulsory in some ports for some ships and this is one of the decisions the Harbour Master will make when considering safety of navigation. The Harbour Master may also monitor the competence and qualifications of tug personnel and the performance of tug operations.

High-speed craft

High speed craft in port waters may pose potential risks to safe navigation, channel / bank erosion and danger to persons working under or around wharf structures. It may be necessary to manage the speed of high-speed craft in areas of risk. Engagement with high-speed craft associations will ensure that key risk areas are identified and managed appropriately. Use of AIS on commercial high-speed craft will allow monitoring by VTS / Port control.

Mooring Operations

Safe and efficient mooring processes are vital for ports and terminals. A ship breaking loose from its moorings is a hazard to other vessels and to port infrastructure. A drifting vessel may cause serious damage to cranes, cargo manifolds and fenders and injuries to staff ashore and afloat.

Appropriately trained shore-based berthing crews will work with ship crews to bring ropes or wires from the ship ashore and put them on the shore bollards by hand or with the use of winch trucks. This is a specialised activity involving significant safety issues.

IMO FAL.6/CIRC.11/Rev.1 GUIDELINES ON MINIMUM TRAINING AND EDUCATION FOR MOORING PERSONNEL

Lashing

Cargo needs to be lashed safely and effectively.  Lashing gangs may be dockworkers or authorised crew members (for instance on short sea RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) ferries). Deck cargo, containers and RoRo trailers on the weather deck are vulnerable because they can be hit by waves in bad weather and need special attention. For example, steel coils and other heavy cargo can shift during rolling and pitching when not properly stowed and lashed. When a ship arrives with a list due to shifted cargo, the harbour master is informed and will send a nautical expert on board to ensure that the ship will enter the port safely before providing a berth.

Latest News & Events

13.06.19

Opened by Agnes Wong Tin-yu, Director of Marine for Hong Kong SAR, today’s Nautical Institute International Conference 2019 gave rise to a lively and stimulating debate on the subject of Shiphandling.

Held at the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club, the morning session included presentations on the legal consequences of shiphandling incidents, special considerations for handling large tankers, handling ships in heavy weather and how digital technologies support command decisions in shiphandling.
In the afternoon delegates were invited to consider the role of simulator and computer based training in shiphandling and also heard from senior pilots working at the ports of Shanghai and Shenzhen. The closing presentation from Capt Stephen Wong of the Hong Kong Pilots Association focused on changes in shiphandling techniques in Hong Kong harbour. 
Addressing delegates, Capt Nick Nash FNI president of The Nautical Institute, said:
”Shiphandling is obviously one of the core skills for any shipmaster. This conference has given us all further insights into this skill and the repercussions if we get it wrong!”

“Training is the key, along with proper mentoring while at sea. The collaboration and integration of Bridge teams, Pilots and VTS, while making full use of new technologies will ensure that shiphandling lies at the heart of safety and best practice in the maritime industry.”

Early in June two warships from the Standing NATO Maritime Group One (SNMG1), Turkish frigate TCG Gokova and from the Royal Navy HMS Westminster successfully completed an important training mission in support of joint warfighting logistics. Our illustration has been kindly provided by

NATO Maritime Command (MARCOM) © www.mc.nato.int/media-centre/news   

It was reported from NATO Maritime Command at Northwood, NW London, that the two NATO ships escorted a civilian cargo vessel, mv Gute through high- traffic sea lanes during her transit from Norway to Sczecin, Poland carrying Norwegian military equipment for NATO exercise Noble Jump.

The safety and security of sea-based trade and transportation routes is critical to the prosperity of the Baltic nations and the NATO Alliance.

Escort training, such as that practiced by Gokova and Westminster, enhances interoperability among NATO and commercial shipping and provides reassurance to NATO allies and partners that NATO is capable and ready to maintain freedom of navigation in the Baltic Sea.

Role of Harbour Master/ Port Operations Professional
Security
Port Call Optimisation
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Vessel Traffic Services
Safety
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Emergency Management
Environment

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Latest Events

Bonhill House, London, UK
Ports & Terminals Insurance Seminar

You are invited to attend the Lloyd's Maritime Academy Ports & Terminals Insurance Seminar between 11-12 June, London.  

This two day seminar offers a complete guide to assessing what claims a port is liable for and how to handle risks and insurance. The agenda has been specifically written for ports and terminals operators. All of the attendees will be able to claim CPD points and will leave with a thorough understanding of the insurance market through expert presentations from underwriters, solicitors and legal counsel.

20% Discount

All IHMA members will receive an exclusive 20% discount. To claim your discount please quote FKT3572IHMA when booking, or follow the links in the email, and the discount will automatically be applied. 

The agenda has been specifically tailored for the challenges and insurance considerations which port and terminal operators are facing today. Through interactive formats, case studies and Q&A sessions, our experts will guide you through the market, insurance processes and how to asses new risks such as cyber security, environmental regulations and extreme weather affects on ports. 

Key areas which will be covered include:

  • Understanding the insurance market
  • Cyber Security - How big is the risk?
  • Interactive Sessions: port disruption, harbourmaster negligence and infrastructural damage
  • Answering the big questions: What is good insurance? What evidence is needed? Who are the 3rd parties and what can they hold operators liable for?
  • What is the best approach for insuring your port post 2020?
Book in one of three easy ways:

Register online | Email: maritime@KNect365.com | +44(0)20 7017 5511

Please use VIP code FKT3572IHMA when registering to benefit from your 30% discount

Attendees will be able to claim CPD points>>

Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel, Copenhagen
Shipping 2030

There is a 20% discount available for IHMA members attending the Shipping2030 Europe conference, 20-21 March, Copenhagen.
The following information is provided by the conference organiser:
Co-located with
Green Ship Technology, Shipping2030 Europe (20 – 21 March 2019, Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel, Copenhagen) will bring together 300+ global maritime professionals from across the industry to discuss all things digital and how to achieve excellence with the use of new technologies,processes and strategies.
More information about the event:
http://bit.ly/Shipping2030-IHMA.

As a member of IHMA, you can receive an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim the offer, use VIP code FKT3545IHMA at checkout:

http://bit.ly/BookShipping2030-IHMA.

Agenda highlights:

  • Gain the latest updates from the cutting-edge innovators in practical case studies on: Autonomous shipping, digital twinning, connectivity and satcom solutions, IoT, cybersecurity and performance monitoring.
  • Maximise your strategic planning with insight from expert panels discussing: Digitalisation ROI and financing, fostering a culture of innovation, supply chain optimisation, new workforce demands.

Download the full agenda: http://bit.ly/AgendaShipping2030-IHMA
Key speakers for 2019 include:

  • K D Adamson, Futurist & CEO, Futurenautics
  • Peter Schrøder, CDO, Maersk Tankers
  • Inge André Sandvik, CDO, Wilhelmsen Group
  • Deanna MacDonald, CEO & Co-Founder, BLOC
  • Aron Sørensen, Head of Maritime Technology & Regulation, BIMCO
  • Tommy Olofsen, Chief Commercial Officer & Deputy CEO, OSM Maritime Group
  • Annika Elfström, Head of Digital Transformation Lab, Stena AB
  • Christopher Rex, Head of Innovation, Danish Ship Finance
  • Leif Arne Strømmen, Vice President Innovation, G2 Ocean

View all the confirmed speakers: http://bit.ly/Shipping2030Speakers-IHMA.

New this year: Sustainable Ports Summit

(22 March 2019, Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel, Copenhagen)
Discuss how ports are rising to the challenge in terms of the infrastructure and services provided, the proactive measures many ports are taking to limit harmful emissions, while protecting the marine
environment from potentially harmful discharges and bioinvasions.

Key topics include: bunkering for a multi-fuel future, ship to shore power supply, and local response to air quality concerns.

Keynote speaker announced: Patrick Verhoeven, World Port Sustainability Program Coordinator & Managing Director, International Association of Ports and Harbours

See the full summit agenda and up-to-date speaker line-up: http://bit.ly/AgendaSPS-IHMA.

Additional discounts:

  1. Group bookings: the third and subsequently registered delegates save 50% on the standard rate.
  2. Shippers and shipowners can attend for free as VIP guests.

To apply for your complimentary pass, please visit http://bit.ly/Shipping2030VIP-IHMA.

Register today at http://bit.ly/BookShipping2030-IHMA or contact us for additional information or assistance with booking your tickets.

E.: maritime@knect365.com

T.: +44 (0) 20 7017 5511

Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London

We are delighted to invite you to the inaugural Smart Ports Summit, taking place from 19 to 20 February 2019 at the Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London. This two-day summit will bring together key stakeholders from the entire supply chain to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity, looking at all types of ports – from containers, tankers and dry cargo to passenger and crew facilities.
As a member of IHMA, you are entitled to an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim
your discount, use VIP code FKT3566IHMA at checkout.

Register here:
http://bit.ly/SmartPortsbook-IHMA

Learn more about the event: http://bit.ly/SmartPorts-IHMA

Highlights from the agenda:

  • The drivers behind change and the biggest challenges ahead to digitalise ports
  • How to determine business critical processes that require digital applications
  • Adopting AI and predictive analytics to improve information flow
  • Specific challenges around container terminals, passenger ship ports and tanker terminals
  • Working towards optimising the supply chain and potential integration strategies
  • The latest cyber security threats and how to mitigate these risks
  • What will the port of the future look like and how will it impact and benefit other stakeholders
  • And plenty more

Download the agenda: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsagenda-IHMA

Key speakers for 2019 include:

  • Anton Rhodes, Project Officer, IMO
  • Richard Ballantyne, Chief Executive, British Ports Association
  • Sven Daniels, Director IT, Hamburg Port Consulting
  • Johan Gahstrom, Senior Marine Manager, Intertanko
  • Yoss Leclerc, Port Operations, Quebec Port Authority
  • Monica Swanson, Business Manager Digital Development, Port of Rotterdam

Meet all the speakers: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsSpeakers-IHMA

Additional discounts:

  1. Port authorities and terminal operators: 50% off the standard rate (paying only £799 + VAT)
  2. Shippers and shipowners can attend for free as VIP guests. For more information, please email Ellen at ellen.minshull@knect365.com.
The Grand Chancellor, Hobart
The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

The International Harbour Masters’ Association 2020 Congress in Hobart, Australia will address the theme ‘The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future‘

The IHMA invites you to submit your ideas, case studies and technical research via the online ‘Call for Papers’ athttp://www.globalportoperations.com/call-for-papers Deadline – 15 March 2019

The biennial IHMA congress provides a unique forum in which formal Association meetings are combined with a conference, extensive networking program and an exhibition – displaying equipment, services and technical developments relevant to the ports and harbour sector and providing both local and international sponsors and exhibitors with a unique marketing platform.

The 2020 IHMA Congress is an unparalleled opportunity for maritime businesses to showcase their services and for port marine professionals from around the world to network, share their experiences and update their professional knowledge.

Apply for membership of IHMA today to benefit from the IHMA Congress Members’ Discount 
http://www.harbourmaster.org/ihma-join-online.php

See attachment for dates and venues
Maritime and Cyber crime threat and risk mitigation workshop

Free to Attend – each event closing with a networking reception

Agenda

CSO Alliance will host a maritime security awareness brief aimed at enhancing risk awareness to security officials within the global maritime industry.while also providing a collaboration platform to debate related issues. There will also be an opportunity to learn more about the CSO, Maritime Cyber and our new Port Alliances. Agenda items include:

Regional threat update for West Africa, Indian Ocean and Asia/Far East

•  Information on successful ship boarding locations with a focus on stowaway issues

•  Awareness of cyber threat vectors and how the Maritime Cyber and other Alliances can play into crime reporting and sharing

• Port Security concerns and risk management

Open Floor Panel Discussion

Leading speakers:

• Mark Sutcliffe Managing Director CSO Alliance

• Harry Harper Director Ports & Maritime Chenega International Consulting

• Dr. Chris Henny Senior Technical Maritime Advisor Intelligence, Airbus

The CSO Alliance and Maritime Cyber Alliances provide ‘Security through Community’ enabling the maritime security community to submit incident reports and other information as well as collaborate in a secure environment about risks faced by the maritime industry. This can assist in delivery of a cost effective, threat-informed, risk-based approach.

Please join as your feedback helps shape our existing Alliances and the new PFSO Alliance.

Please confirm your attendance by emailing rsvp@csoalliance.com

Tel + 44 (0) 1296 325700 www.csoalliance.com

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Latest News & Events

The Nautical Institute Shiphandling the focus for Nautical Institute’s annual conference

13.06.19

Opened by Agnes Wong Tin-yu, Director of Marine for Hong Kong SAR, today’s Nautical Institute… FIND OUT MORE

NATO NATO trains with commercial shipping in the Baltic Sea

Early in June two warships from the Standing NATO Maritime Group One (SNMG1), Turkish frigate TCG Gokova and from the Royal Navy HMS FIND OUT MORE

Latest News & Events

13.06.19

Opened by Agnes Wong Tin-yu, Director of Marine for Hong Kong SAR, today’s Nautical Institute International Conference 2019 gave rise to a lively and stimulating debate on the subject of Shiphandling.

Held at the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club, the morning session included presentations on the legal consequences of shiphandling incidents, special considerations for handling large tankers, handling ships in heavy weather and how digital technologies support command decisions in shiphandling.
In the afternoon delegates were invited to consider the role of simulator and computer based training in shiphandling and also heard from senior pilots working at the ports of Shanghai and Shenzhen. The closing presentation from Capt Stephen Wong of the Hong Kong Pilots Association focused on changes in shiphandling techniques in Hong Kong harbour. 
Addressing delegates, Capt Nick Nash FNI president of The Nautical Institute, said:
”Shiphandling is obviously one of the core skills for any shipmaster. This conference has given us all further insights into this skill and the repercussions if we get it wrong!”

“Training is the key, along with proper mentoring while at sea. The collaboration and integration of Bridge teams, Pilots and VTS, while making full use of new technologies will ensure that shiphandling lies at the heart of safety and best practice in the maritime industry.”

Early in June two warships from the Standing NATO Maritime Group One (SNMG1), Turkish frigate TCG Gokova and from the Royal Navy HMS Westminster successfully completed an important training mission in support of joint warfighting logistics. Our illustration has been kindly provided by

NATO Maritime Command (MARCOM) © www.mc.nato.int/media-centre/news   

It was reported from NATO Maritime Command at Northwood, NW London, that the two NATO ships escorted a civilian cargo vessel, mv Gute through high- traffic sea lanes during her transit from Norway to Sczecin, Poland carrying Norwegian military equipment for NATO exercise Noble Jump.

The safety and security of sea-based trade and transportation routes is critical to the prosperity of the Baltic nations and the NATO Alliance.

Escort training, such as that practiced by Gokova and Westminster, enhances interoperability among NATO and commercial shipping and provides reassurance to NATO allies and partners that NATO is capable and ready to maintain freedom of navigation in the Baltic Sea.